What is Ikat

Oscar de la Renta about Ikat

Ikat is a special type of weaving which had been traditionally used for hundreds and hundreds of years.

It looks like a print but in fact, it is a woven fabric which is unbelievably rich in colour and extremely creative.

The story on the production of the Uzbek National Silk Fabric Ikat

In about a month the silkworm winds round itself a cocoon made of silk fiber. Generally, one cocoon produces 600-800 metres of continuous silk filament.

Knotted together yarns are dipped into single or multicolored baths
Only natural dyes are used during this process: madder root, cochineal, skin of pomegranate and onion, nuts, indigo, etc.

Most ikat is between 35-50 cmd wide.
Because of the narrow width, and matching the pattern while sewing, clothes production might require double length purchase of fabric.

The silk production involves mulberry trees. The tiny silk worms which grow to 70 times their original size feed on mulberry leaves.

The cocoons are then collected, placed in hot water, soaked and then silk threads are carefully removed. It is combed through many times until a skein of yarn is combed. The yarn is then wound onto spindles.

The dyed silk is threaded onto looms and woven into narrow strips of silk fabric.

A pictorial story of ikat silk is presented by Madina Turdieva.